Velocity model building
The goal of velocity model building is to derive the best possible velocity models from available data. Model building is therefore a key step of PSDM workflows. Spectrum has a variety of techniques and tools to build and validate complex 2D and 3D isotropic and anisotropic velocity models.
For velocity inversion we use reflection-based tomography workflows with conventional “top-to-bottom” iterative updates approach based on gather flatness (residual moveout). Spectrum uses grid-based and horizon-based tomography solutions depending on model complexity and data quality.
Geological interpretation, wells and other non-seismic information are used during all stages of PSDM workflow as part of robust and more complete solution.
Kirchhoff PSDM image gathers before/after tomography
Kirchhoff PSDM image stack before/after tomography